The agency will fall under the new US Space Force, should Congress approve the latter’s establishment.
The agency’s priority will be to develop a network of low earth orbit satellites to more effectively track hypersonic missiles, missiles that travel five times the speed of sound and are being developed by Russia and China.
“With today’s assets we cannot reliably see more than one hypersonic missile at a time,” Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering Mike Griffin told reporters at the Pentagon Wednesday.
“We need to be able to see in order to blunt the enemy’s spear,” he said, adding “that can only be done from space.”
While the goal of the agency is to put all US military space technology development under one roof to speed procurement. However, the memo does not make clear what will become of the Air Force’s Space and Missile Systems Center and Space Rapid Capabilities Office, which participate in the development of such capabilities.
The agency’s creation has been met with some criticism from those who feel it may be redundant.
“I think there’s still concern and I have some concerns about what is the mission of this entity, why do we think it would be better than what we currently do? What exactly would be focused on?” Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson said last month at the Air Warfare Symposium in Orlando, Florida.
“Conceptually, there has been a public discussion of this. Conceptually, it would be stood up and then rolled into a Space Force which means it would be a new agency that would exist for probably less than a year,” she added.
Wilson recently announced her intention to resign.
But Griffin said that the agency is not duplicative of pre-existing efforts.
“It’s not a duplicative task, it’s a new thing we’re doing to meet known mission requirements,” he said.
He said he did not know why some of the elements of the Air Force were opposed to the agency but said “everybody can’t always agree,” adding that the Air Force had initially been opposed to the ICBM and the unmanned aerial vehicle.
Shanahan’s memo says the new agency “will accelerate the development and fielding of new military space capabilities necessary to ensure our technological and military advantage in space for national defense.”
Space assets developed by the Military Intelligence Program will remain separate.
The agency is being tasked with developing advanced space military capabilities and “will be focused on experimentation, prototyping and accelerated fielding as well as leveraging commercial technologies and services” according to the Pentagon’s 2020 budget request.
The budget request sought nearly $150 million in “new resources” for the new agency, which will have some 50 personnel assigned to it — a mix of reassigned and new personnel.
Dr. Fred Kennedy, currently the director of the Tactical Technology Office at DARPA, has been tapped to lead the agency, according to the memo.